China attracts millions of local and international tourists every year and one of the places most of these tourists have a profound love for visiting is the Great Wall. History has all along honoured this for its spectacular and magnificent look. The scenery itself is more than amazing; it is full of beauty and charm. It is one of those views you rarely encounter in life. Perhaps, this is the kind of look you can only find with the Pyramids of Egypt, India’s Taj Mahal and of the Hanging Garden of Babylon.
Simply put, this is amongst the great wonders of the world. Not something you encounter every day. Probably, you have never been to china or you simply have little understanding of the Great wall, so let us take a short journey of what awaits you. It's starts in the east of Yalu riverbanks banks, this is in Liaoning Province, and stretches westwards for more than12,700 kilometers to a place known as Jiayuguan in Gobi desert. Amazing isn’t it, a wall stretching for more than 12,000 kilometers? In china, it is known as the Ten Thousand Li Wall. It climbs up hills and down the valleys, makes twists and turns across Yanshan ridges and Yinshan mountain chains crisscrossing five china provinces. These include Liaoning, Hebei, Gansu, Shaanxi, and Shanxi as well as to other autonomous regions, these are, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia, which bind the northern part of China together.
Existing records trace the original construction of the rock to have begun in 656 B.C. and purposefully for defensive fortification. This is a period when the states of Chu were under the rule of King Cheng. The process of construction continued across the Warring States era dated the fifth century B.C. This was a period when the ducal states, Qin, Zhao, Yan and Wei faced constant plundering by the nomads from Yinshan and Yanshan mountain ranges. These states then constructed walls, each independently, as a way of warding off these harassments.
The connection of these walls was not until in 221 B.C. on order of Emperor Qinshihuang. This was after Qin’s conquering of the other states and consequently, the unification of China. Further extensions were also made resulting into the Great Wall of China. Notably, in the period between 206 BC and 1644 BC, a separate outer wall was built in Han Dynasty to the north of Yinshan. This was however ruined after many years of neglect. Nonetheless, succeeding dynasties reconstructed some parts of the Wall. Ming Dynasty reining between 1368 and 1644is reputed for having carried the most panoptic reinforcements and refurbishments. It is in this period that 18 expansive stretches were reinforced using bricks and rocks; this is what the visitors see today.
This great wall has two main sub-divisions, that is, the east and west. Shanxi province is the line of division. The wall’s northern part is made of rammed earth construction, measuring an average of 5.3 meters. The Eastern part has its core rammed by earth. Nonetheless, its outer shell has brick and rocks reinforcements. It’s most imposing and well preserved sections are Badaling and Mutianyu, which are quite close to Beijing. Both parts are open to tourists wishing to enjoy the magnificent view.
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