The Pyramids of Egypt were built in a time when that nation was one of the most powerful civilizations in the world. The Pharaohs established and discovered a lot of sciences in their time. The Pyramids is one of their significant creativity.
The Pyramids of Giza is one of the most spectacular man made structures in human history. They represented the importance of the role of the Pharaoh.
Egypt enjoyed a real economic prosperity and political stability. It was believed in those days that kings were chosen to become mediators between gods and the people. The pyramids were built as tombs for kings and it had everything they needed in the afterlife.
Ancient Egyptians believed that when the king is dead, part of his soul remains in his body to guide him in the afterlife. For this reason, the corpse was mummified and everything he needed was buried with him. Gold vessels, furniture, clothes, treasures and even food was always in their tombs. They also buried the king's relatives, priests and officials near his tomb, so they can meet him in the afterlife.
Saqqara Pyramid was the first to be built in 2630 B.C for the great king Djoser. The pyramid consists of a number of rectangular structures known as "mastabas".
It reached the height of 204 feet (about 62 meters).
It was built by Imhotep. Imhotep was the first architect to use engineering and formulas. It is surrounded by temples so Djoser would have a happy afterlife.
Giza Pyramids are the only remaining structure among the well known seven wonders of the ancient world. Egypt's biggest pyramid was built for King Khufu, Sneferu's successor. The original height was 481.4 feet and the sides of the base are around 755.70 feet long. That makes it the largest pyramid in the globe. Three small pyramids were built near Khufu's pyramids for his wives. The tomb of Queen Hetepheres (Khufu’s mother) was also discovered nearby.
The middle pyramid in Giza was built for King Khafre, Khufu's son. Next to it Sphinx structure was also built for him. Sphinx is the largest statue in ancient history. It has a head of a man and a body of a lion. It is believed that it symbolized wisdom and power.
The smallest pyramid of Giza was built for King Menkaure, Khafre's son. It is 218 feet tall. The three pyramids have a lot of magic and secrets inside. Tourists have always found pleasure and excitement when visiting the Pyramids.
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